Image: Types of Electric Vehicles

What Type of Electric Vehicles Are There?

Electric vehicles (EVs) are growing in popularity, and there are different types to choose from. Here is a summary of the most common EVs:

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) are fully electric and do not have a gasoline engine. They rely on rechargeable batteries to power the vehicle, making them zero-emission vehicles that do not produce tailpipe emissions or air pollution.

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) use both a gas-powered engine and an electric motor, and they recharge their batteries through regenerative braking. This captures energy that is typically lost as heat during braking and uses it to assist the gasoline engine during acceleration.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) have larger batteries and can be plugged into the grid to recharge. They can operate solely on electric power for several dozen miles before the gas engine kicks in, and when the battery is depleted, they function like regular hybrids and can travel using gasoline power.